International Journal of Keratoconus and Ectatic Corneal Diseases

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1--2 ( January-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Superior Keratoconus: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Ramez Barbara, Eran Berkowitz, Beatrice Tiosano, Adel Barbara

Keywords : Acute hydrops, Allergic conjunctivitis, Case report, Superior keratoconus

Citation Information : Barbara R, Berkowitz E, Tiosano B, Barbara A. Superior Keratoconus: A Case Report and Review of Literature. Int J Kerat Ect Cor Dis 2023; 10 (1--2):32-34.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10025-1194

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 23-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Superior keratoconus (SKC) is a rare subtype of KC characterized by corneal steepening in the superior region, which may mimic other ocular surface irregularities. These irregularities can arise from contact lens warpage, upper lid ptosis, superficial corneal scars, Terrien's marginal degeneration (TMD), and dry eyes. Accurate diagnosis of superior KC can be challenging, but newer tomographic modalities can aid in differentiating it from other conditions. This review highlights the clinical features of superior KC and discusses the role of advanced imaging techniques in improving diagnostic accuracy.

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