International Journal of Keratoconus and Ectatic Corneal Diseases

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Circular Keratotomy on Progression of Keratoconus

Citation Information : Effect of Circular Keratotomy on Progression of Keratoconus. Int J Kerat Ect Cor Dis 2016; 5 (2):57-62.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10025-1122

Published Online: 01-06-2011

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).



Studies on keratoconus treatment with regard to the stage of the disease have not been published. We evaluated patient outcomes over a 5-year period after circular keratotomy (CKT) to treat stage I and II progressive keratoconus.


Clinic Krumeich, Bochum, Germany.


Retrospective clinical study.

Materials and methods

We retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of 185 consecutive CKT procedures to treat early, progressing keratoconus. A 7-mm trephine incision, with a depth that was 90% of the thinnest pachymetry value but not less than 400 µm, was made with the guided trephine system concentric to the pupil and sutured with a double running anti-torque suture. Keratometry readings and astigmatism measurements at 1-year postsurgery were compared with values obtained at 3 and 5 years postsurgery. Preoperative values of best-corrected visual acuity with glasses were compared with values obtained at 3 and 5 years postsurgery. Statistical analyses for significance were performed.


Keratometric readings revealed stability at 5 years postsurgery in 84.3% (n= 51) of those eyes for which all values at all time points were available. Likewise, astigmatism values revealed stability in 92.2% of eyes. Best-corrected visual acuity improved significantly from preoperative to 5 years in 73.68% (n = 38). Best-corrected visual acuity did not change in 18.42% (n = 36).


Circular keratotomy halted the progression of early-stage keratoconus for at least 5 years in 84.3% of the eyes studied. The stable keratometric results suggest that CKT treatment should be considered for patients diagnosed early in the progression of this disease.

How to cite this article

Krumeich JH, Hirnschall N. Effect of Circular Keratotomy on Progression of Keratoconus. Int J Kerat Ect Cor Dis 2016;5(2):57-62.

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